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You are here: The Britz-McKibbin Laboratory > Publications > Accurately describing weak analyte-additive interactions by capillary electrophoresis.

Philip Britz-McKibbin and David DY Chen (2002)

Accurately describing weak analyte-additive interactions by capillary electrophoresis.

Electrophoresis, 23(6):880-8.

When modeling analyte-additive interactions in capillary electrophoresis (CE), it is necessary to correct for all changes in the apparent electrophoretic mobilityof an analyte that are not due to specific binding. Current models based on dynamic complexation have corrected for bulk viscosity changes in the backgroundelectrolyte (BGE) when additives are used, while assuming negligible changes in the dielectric constant and other physicochemical properties of the solution. Inthis report, a study of weak interactions between deoxyribonucleotides and hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-beta-CD) revealed significant nonideality inbinding isotherms. Changes in the dielectric properties of the solution due to the addition of high concentrations of HP-beta-CD to the BGE was observed to alter the electrophoretic mobility of analytes. A relative dielectric correctionfactor was required to normalize analyte mobilities to a reference state of zeroadditive concentration. The use of both a relative dielectric factor and a viscosity correction factor was found to increase the accuracy of the model, reflected by a higher degree of correlation between predicted and measured analyte mobilities. This type of correction is particularly relevant when studying weak analyte binding interactions or when using high concentrations of additive in the BGE. This work is vital for accurate determination of weak binding constants and mobility values, as well as providing a deeper understanding of the fundamental parameters influencing a separation in CE.

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